ANALISIS BAHAN BAKAR ALTERNATIF KOMPOSIT BIOBRIKET DARI ECENG GONDOK DENGAN PEREKAT KOTORAN SAPI

Adhani, Lisa ANALISIS BAHAN BAKAR ALTERNATIF KOMPOSIT BIOBRIKET DARI ECENG GONDOK DENGAN PEREKAT KOTORAN SAPI. al-Kimiya: Jurnal Ilmu Kimia dan Terapan.

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Abstract

Renewable energy is an alternative energy which is the top energy issue, given the depletion of (non-renewable) fuel supplies. Biomass is an interesting alternative energy to be developed at this time, especially in Indonesia which is known as an agrarian country and is called a biodiversity country. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a biomass that has the potential as an alternative fuel. This plant lives in many Indonesian waters such as rivers and swamps. The growth of water hyacinth is so fast that the amount is often abundant and out of control. Without good monitoring, this plant will make a disturbance to the surrounding habitat. Thus worsening the aesthetics and odor. This study utilizes water hyacinth as an alternative fuel with a mixture of cow dung as an adhesive. Water hyacinth is utilized as biobriquette with anaerobic carbonation process at a temperature of 400 ◦C. The process of making biobriquette is done by varying the composition between water hyacinth and cow dung with a percentage of 30%, 50%, and 70%. Based on the results of the study, biobriquettes with a composition of 70% cow dung are the best biobriquettes when referring to SNI 01-6235-2000 which has a moisture content of 0.0435%, ash content of 0.47% and a calorific value of 4715 cal / gram. The SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope) test strengthens the conclusion by describing the morphology of the regular agglomeration so that it can be said to make a cavity in the middle of the briquette, thereby causing the briquette's surface area to be larger so that the combustion rate is higher.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Teknologi dan Ilmu Terapan > Teknik Kimia
Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Kimia
KODE PRODI: KODEPRODI24201#Teknik Kimia
Creators:
CreatorsNIM/NIDN
Adhani, Lisa0324127406
Depositing User: Lisa Adhani
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2020 02:04
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2020 02:04
URI: http://repository.ubharajaya.ac.id/id/eprint/4889

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